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configure: error: readline library not found  

2011-01-26 11:04:23|  分类: PG案例分析 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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        今天一位同事在搭建Postgresql 测试环境,在安装过程中遇到一个问题,在执行 configure
过程中报以下错误,configure: error: readline library not found ,同事说已经在系统中安装
readline 包了,让我帮他看下。

1 环境信息
OS: CentOS release 5.2 (Final)
PG: postgresql-9.0.0]

2 根据提示,我测试了下 configre命令,果然报这个错
[root@HK81-107 postgresql-9.0.0]# ./configure
checking build system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
checking host system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
checking which template to use... linux
checking whether to build with 64-bit integer date/time support... yes
checking whether NLS is wanted... no
checking for default port number... 5432
checking for block size... 8kB
checking for segment size... 1GB
checking for WAL block size... 8kB
checking for WAL segment size... 16MB
checking for gcc... gcc
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of executables...
checking for suffix of object files... o
checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
checking if gcc supports -Wdeclaration-after-statement... yes
checking if gcc supports -Wendif-labels... yes
checking if gcc supports -fno-strict-aliasing... yes
checking if gcc supports -fwrapv... yes
checking whether the C compiler still works... yes
checking how to run the C preprocessor... gcc -E
checking allow thread-safe client libraries... yes
checking whether to build with Tcl... no
checking whether to build Perl modules... no
checking whether to build Python modules... no
checking whether to build with GSSAPI support... no
checking whether to build with Kerberos 5 support... no
checking whether to build with PAM support... no
checking whether to build with LDAP support... no
checking whether to build with Bonjour support... no
checking whether to build with OpenSSL support... no
checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /bin/grep
checking for egrep... /bin/grep -E
checking for ld used by GCC... /usr/bin/ld
checking if the linker (/usr/bin/ld) is GNU ld... yes
checking for ranlib... ranlib
checking for strip... strip
checking whether it is possible to strip libraries... yes
checking for ar... ar
checking for tar... /bin/tar
checking whether ln -s works... yes
checking for gawk... gawk
checking for a thread-safe mkdir -p... /bin/mkdir -p
checking for bison... no
configure: WARNING:
*** Without Bison you will not be able to build PostgreSQL from CVS nor
*** change any of the parser definition files.  You can obtain Bison from
*** a GNU mirror site.  (If you are using the official distribution of
*** PostgreSQL then you do not need to worry about this, because the Bison
*** output is pre-generated.)
checking for flex... no
configure: WARNING:
*** Without Flex you will not be able to build PostgreSQL from CVS nor
*** change any of the scanner definition files.  You can obtain Flex from
*** a GNU mirror site.  (If you are using the official distribution of
*** PostgreSQL then you do not need to worry about this because the Flex
*** output is pre-generated.)
checking for perl... /usr/bin/perl
configure: using perl 5.8.8
checking for main in -lm... yes
checking for library containing setproctitle... no
checking for library containing dlopen... -ldl
checking for library containing socket... none required
checking for library containing shl_load... no
checking for library containing getopt_long... none required
checking for library containing crypt... -lcrypt
checking for library containing fdatasync... none required
checking for library containing gethostbyname_r... none required
checking for library containing shmget... none required
checking for -lreadline... no
checking for -ledit... no
configure: error: readline library not found
If you have readline already installed, see config.log for details on the
failure.  It is possible the compiler isnt looking in the proper directory.
Use --without-readline to disable readline support.

     根据提示,应该是没有安装 readline包。

3 检查系统是否安装 readline 包
[root@HK81-107 postgresql-9.0.0]# rpm -qa | grep readline
readline-5.1-3.el5

   说明系统已经安装了 readline包。

4 通过 yum 搜索相关的 readline 包
[root@HK81-107 postgresql-9.0.0]# yum search readline
lftp.i386 : A sophisticated file transfer program
lftp.i386 : A sophisticated file transfer program
php-readline.i386 : Standard PHP module provides readline library support
lftp.i386 : A sophisticated file transfer program
readline.i386 : A library for editing typed command lines.
compat-readline43.i386 : The readline 4.3 library for compatibility with older software.
readline-devel.i386 : Files needed to develop programs which use the readline library.
readline.i386 : A library for editing typed command lines.

 根据提示,有一个包引起了我的注意 "readline-devel", 猜想可能与这个包有关。
 
5 安装 readline-devel 包
[root@HK81-107 postgresql-9.0.0]# yum -y install -y readline-devel
Setting up Install Process
Parsing package install arguments
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package readline-devel.i386 0:5.1-3.el5 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libtermcap-devel for package: readline-devel
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libtermcap-devel.i386 0:2.0.8-46.1 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================
 Package                 Arch       Version          Repository        Size
=============================================================================
Installing:
 readline-devel          i386       5.1-3.el5        base              146 k
Installing for dependencies:
 libtermcap-devel        i386       2.0.8-46.1       base               56 k

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================
Install      2 Package(s)        
Update       0 Package(s)        
Remove       0 Package(s)        

Total download size: 201 k
Downloading Packages:
(1/2): libtermcap-devel-2 100% |=========================|  56 kB    00:00    
(2/2): readline-devel-5.1 100% |=========================| 146 kB    00:00    
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing: libtermcap-devel             ######################### [1/2]
  Installing: readline-devel               ######################### [2/2]

Installed: readline-devel.i386 0:5.1-3.el5
Dependency Installed: libtermcap-devel.i386 0:2.0.8-46.1
Complete!

6 再次执行 configure 成功。

7 关于 readline 的解释,来自官网
--without-readline
Prevents use of the Readline library (and libedit as well). This option disables command-line
editing and  history in psql, so it is not recommended.

   说明: 根据步骤2 执行 configure 时报错提示,可以加上 "--without-readline" 从而避开这个ERROR,
但Postgresql官方不推荐这么做,所以还是安装吧。

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